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What is computer and its related terms?

What is Computer?

The word Computer originally comes from the Latin word “Computare”. Computare means to do a calculation or programmable machine.

Initially, the first mechanical computer was designed by Charles Babbage, so he is also called the father of Computer. But initially, he used punch cards for reading only memory.

Definition of Computer: A computer is an electronics machine/device which takes input through the user (by means of the mouse, keyboard etc.) then process it and gives output/result (through the monitor, printer etc.). It can process both the numeric and arithmetic & logical calculations.

Structural diagram of Computer is as follows:



What are the major components of a Computer?

A computer is mainly divided into three parts which are as follows:

          (a)    Input Device
            (b)    Central Processing Unit
            (c)    Output Device

What do you mean by input devices?

Input Device: Input devices are the platform through which data or information entered into the computer. It is an interface through which the user passes their instructions to the processor. At present we are using many input devices.

Some of the Input devices are appended below:

(a)   Mouse
(b)   Keyboard
(c)   Light pen
(d)   Barcode reader
(e)   Plotter
(f)   Digital camera  

Now, I will explain the entire input device one by one 

What is a mouse?

Mouse: Mouse is an input device who greatly enhanced the efficiency of computing. Through mouse, we can access the system.

Composition of a Mouse

An electronics mouse has two buttons. On the top of the mouse,, it is divided into two portions. Left part named as left click and the right part is called right clicks. In between left and right click, there is a round ball which is called Scroll Bar.

Diagram of a mouse:


What is a keyboard?

Keyboard:  Keyboard is also an input device. Keyboard enables to enter data into a computer or any other device. Computer keyboards are similar to the electric typewriters but they have the additional feature of typing the keys.

Structural diagram of Keyboard:


The keyboard is mainly classified under three types of keys. Which are as follows:
   
   (a)   Alphanumeric keys
   (b)   Punctuations Keys
   (c)   Special keys

   (a)   Alphanumeric keys: Alphanumeric simply refers to the –
              
    (1)   Numbers (from 0-9)
    (2)   Letters from A to Z (both upper and lower)
    (3)   Special symbols like@,#, $ etc. comes under it.

Structural Diagram of Alphanumeric Keys is as follows:



   (b)   Punctuations keys: comma, semicolon, full stop and similar types of keys come under this. The diagram  is as follows:



   (c)   Special Keys:  Arrow key, functional keys, Caps lock key and control keys are included in special keys.


What is a Light pen?

A light pen is an input hand-held light emitting device which is used for reading the barcodes. The light pen becomes popular in the 1980s. It is similar to the mouse except that can move the pointer and select the objects on the desktop screen.

It is a light-sensitive detector to select an object on a display screen. We can hold it like a writing pen on the screen for passes the information to Computer. Light pens are mostly used by graphics artists. 

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